The corona epidemic has put diabetic patients in particular concern. It is true that if the corona infected is suffering from other diseases, then the immunity is less.
Authentic organizations of diabetes say that there is no evidence that diabetes patients are more at risk of infection than normal people. Due to corona, there may be more complications and seriousness due to the disease, so it is important to follow some instructions.
The most important thing is that if the control of diabetes is right then it is not a matter of concern. This time is difficult, it is difficult to get advice from doctors. It is better to seek advice through telecommunication. Corona is not an ordinary flu. Therefore, negligence can become a question of life and death.
The effects of the corona include a persistent dry cough, high fever, chest heaviness, sudden breathing difficulties, warning tips that suggest there is medical emergency and need to be admitted to the nearest hospital. It is important to know these points for patients with type one diabetes.
It is important that you practice sick day management. Here are some common tips:
• Stay hydrated.Drink lots of fluids. If you’re having trouble keeping water down, have small sips every 15 minutes or
so throughout the day to avoid dehydration.Practice eating smaller portions but more often.If you’re vomiting, or not
able to keep fluids down, get medical help as soon as possible.
• Follow the advice of your diabetes care team regarding medication usage.
• If you routinely check your blood glucose at home you’ll probably need to do it more often.
• If you don’t test your blood glucose levels at home, be aware of the symptoms of hyperglycemia, which include
passing more urine than normal (especially at night), being very thirsty, headaches, tiredness and lethargy. You should
contact your doctor if you have above symptoms.
• If you have type 1 diabetes, check your blood glucose at least every four hours, including during the night. It may be
necessary to take extra insulin to bring down higher blood glucose levels.Check your ketones if your blood sugar level
is high(greater than 240mg/dl) more than 2 times in a row.Contact your doctor immediately, if you have medium or large ketones, vomiting, or symptoms of DKA.
• Be aware of symptoms of hypoglycaemia. If you are experiencing a low blood glucose(below 70 mg), eat 15 grams of simple carbs like glucose, honey, jam, hard candy, juice or regular soda, and re-check your blood sugar in 15 minutes to make sure your levels are rising. Repeat the cycle if low blood glucose is persisting.
• If your blood glucose is persistently high or low contact your doctor.
• Wash your hands and clean your injection/infusion and finger-stick sites with soap and water or rubbing alcohol.
Not all need to use Mask.
Everyone need NOT wear a mask. Only wear a mask if:
• You have symptoms (cough, fever or difficulty in breathing)
• While visiting a healthcare facility.
• You are caring for COVID- 19 suspect / confirmed patient
• You are a health-worker attending to patients with respiratory symptoms.
How to prevent infection?
• Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after having been in a public place. If soap and water are not available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
• To the extent possible, avoid touching high-touch surfaces in public places–elevator buttons, door handles, handrails, handshaking with people and other body contacts.
• Sneeze and cough into your sleeve; when using tissues, immediately dispose of them into the garbage as soon as possible and wash your hands afterwards.
• Do not spit in public
• Avoid touching any part of your face including eyes, nose or mouth
• Regularly clean commonly used surfaces and devices you touch or handle.
• Try to avoid contact with people who are showing symptoms of respiratory illness, such as coughing. Stay at least 6 feet (2 metres) away from a person who is sick.
• Avoid crowds, especially in poorly ventilated spaces.
• Avoid all non-essential travel including plane trips.Check national travel advice at the website of Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India at mohfw.gov.in before planning or taking trips.
• If COVID-19 is spreading in your community, take measures to put distance between yourself and other people to reduce your risk of being exposed to the virus. Stay home as much as possible.Work from home, where possible.
• If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early and share previous travel or contact history with your health-care provider.
• If you are sick, avoid contact with others and stay more than 1.5 metres away from people. Stay home from office/work or school, and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.